Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a condition characterized by behavioral and learning disorders. This is a real mental disorder which starts in childhood. It affects the way children act, think, and feel. ADHD is a common problem amongst children and adolescents.
Children suffering with ADHD have problems in concentrating on the task at hand. A child with ADHD can’t understand directions, is very impulsive and get bored/ frustrated easily. These traits are visible in all children but the intensity of these tendencies is unusually high in children with ADHD. These hyper active behavioral traits affect the child’s functioning at home and in school.
The major Child ADHD symptoms are –
• Easily distracted
• Fails to follow directions and does not complete tasks
• Shows complete inattention when someone is speaking to them
• Makes careless mistakes
• Loses things often
• Forgetful about daily activities
• Can’t sit still or be at one place
• Always on the move either running about or climbing/ jumping off high places
• Extremely talkative
• Very impatient
The actual cause for ADHD is yet to be discovered, however certain factors are considered as major contributors for this defect.
• Heredity could be a possible cause for ADHD. Incase this disorder runs in the family the children of a particular generation may be affected by it.
• The imbalance of brain chemicals that transmit nerve impulses can be a factor in the development of ADHD symptoms.
• In case the areas of the brain that control the attention of the child are less developed may lead to ADHD
• A head injury with concussions can lead to development of behavioral problems that look like ADHD
The condition of ADHD cannot be cured, however many symptoms that interfere with the functioning can be controlled. ADHD treatment includes a combination of medication and several psychosocial therapies.
ADHD treatment through Medicine
Certain stimulants can be administered to control the hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. These medicines also help to improve the span of attention. The most commonly used stimulants include Concerta, Dexedrine, Focalin, Metadate, Methylin, Vyvanse and Ritalin.
Sometimes patients may respond to antidepressant medications as well. The stimulant drugs can have a troublesome side effect on the patient, in such cases non stimulant medications are prescribed.
ADHD treatment through Psychosocial therapies
ADHD can also be treated with certain exercises aimed towards curing behavioral, psychological, social, and work/school problems. The therapies include –
Special Education –
ADHD patients can be treated with a special kind of education structured to meet their needs. This benefits the patients as they can settle in an environment created for them.
Behavior modification –
This strategy includes measures for supporting good behavior and decreasing a child’s problem behavior.
By taking counseling sessions with an expert a patient can learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustration and improve self-esteem. A counseling session will also help the family members to deal better with the patient.
Social Skills Training –
This sort of training will help the child control the impulsive behavior. The child will learn discipline like waiting for ones turn and sharing.
Amongst the various alternate therapies for ADHD, natural remedies for ADHD are the best option. On one hand where medication can create side effects to cause more discomfort to the patient, Natural remedies for ADHD attack the main cause of the problem without eking out any side effects.
Herbs like Ginko Biloba, St. John’s Wort, Bacopin, Vinpocetine, Acetyl-L-Carnitine etc. are very helpful in controlling ADHD. They improve the blood circulation to the brain causing the brain to function better. These herbs also control stress and revitalize intellectual functions.