Feeding mice a diet rich in a compound that results from the digestion of cabbage and other brassicas protected their gut from inflammation and cancer.

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Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Mariano Licciardi, Cinzia Scialabba, Roberto Puleio, Giovanni Cassata, Luca Cicero, Gennara Cavallaro, Gaetano GiammonaAbstractHuman colon cancer is one of the higher aggressive solid tumors, whose high mortality, much like many other solid tumors, results from metastasis formation. To reduce this high mortality, more effective chemotherapy, allowing a specific tumor accumulation and an efficient early-stage medical imaging as well, are still needed. At this regard, stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for anticancer drug …

You cannot go wrong incorporating a lot of cruciferous vegetables, which include broccoli and brussels sprouts as well as dark leafy greens like kale and arugula, in your diet.

Source: NYT HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Vegetables Head and Neck Cancer Colon and Colorectal Cancer Lung Cancer Breast Cancer Diet and Nutrition Vitamins Dietary Supplements and Herbal Remedies Throat Prostate Gland Source Type: news

Recent studies have shown that overexpression of metastasis-associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) is significantly associated with adverse prognoses of patients with different kinds of cancer. However, the exact survival effect of MACC1 on epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients has not yet been established. Thus, the objective of this study was to explore the prognostic role of MACC1 mRNA in EOC by using Kaplan-Meier (KM) plotter and ONCOMINE database. Our results indicated that MACC1 mRNA high expression was significantly associated with unfavorable overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.51 (95% confid…

Source: Biomed ResCategory: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

Analytical ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b02151

Source: Analytical ChemistryCategory: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research

Conclusion: Contrary to popular belief, we demonstrate that DOTA-PRIT can be successfully adapted to an internalizing antigen-antibody system such as HER2, with sufficient TIs and absorbed tumor doses to achieve a high probability of cures of established human breast cancer xenografts while sparing critical organs of significant radiotoxicity.

Source: TheranosticsCategory: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Conclusion: 89Zr-DS-5573a demonstrates specific and prolonged targeting of B7-H3-expressing tumors in vivo. Saturation of binding sites was demonstrated in tumors responding to DS-5573a therapy. These results indicate that 89Zr-DS-5573a has potential to target B7-H3-expressing tumors in cancer patients. Furthermore 89Zr-DS-5573a has the potential to provide important insights into T cell biology through its specific binding to B7-H3.

Source: TheranosticsCategory: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Conclusion: CAFs promote the stemness and chemoresistance of CRC by transferring exosomal H19. H19 activated the β-catenin pathway via acting as a competing endogenous RNA sponge for miR-141, while miR-141 inhibited the stemness of CRC cells. Our findings indicate that H19 expressed by CAFs of the colorectal tumor stroma contributes to tumor development and chemoresistance.

Source: TheranosticsCategory: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Conclusion: The lower accumulation was interpreted as release of the tracer from the liposomes within these organs after accumulation. These results may guide the design of systems for controlled release of remote loadable drugs from liposomes.

Source: TheranosticsCategory: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a quality metric for colorectal cancer screening. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to assess the overall and comparative efficacies of different endoscopic techniques in adenoma detection.

Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and HepatologyCategory: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

Amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is associated with plasma cell disorder and monoclonal light chains. This type of amyloidosis is the prominent type involving the gastrointestinal tract. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is the most common plasma cell disorder and a known precursor of more serious diseases. A 72-year-old male was treated for high blood pressure, diabetes, and gout at the clinic of a private physician. Due to a positive fecal occult blood test discovered during colon cancer screening, he underwent colonoscopy and was diagnosed with adenomatous polyps by biopsies. Two months later…

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