Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP), also called Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura, is a blood-clotting disorder resulting from unusually low levels of platelets, and can lead to easy or excessive bruising and bleeding. While children and adults can be both affected, this disorder is often chronic in adults. Young females are more likely to get this disease, and this condition is more likely to develop after a recent viral infection. Spontaneous and excessive bleeding, and pin-point sized reddish purple spots on the skin, called petechiae, are diagnostic of this condition. Immune dysfunction is believed to be responsible for this disease.
The Ayurvedic treatment of this condition is aimed at maintaining an adequate platelet count, restoring immune function of the body and preventing complications from bleeding. Medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Maha-Manjishthadhi-Qadha, Saarivasav, Chandrakala-Ras, Tapyadi-Loh, Triphala-Ghrut, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia) and Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) are used in this condition. Medicines like Haridra (Curcuma longa), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea), Laxa (Purified wax) and Vasa (Adhatoda vasaka) have a lot of therapeutic importance in ITP. Similarly, the herbal combination called Rasayan-Vati, which includes Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) and Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), is also very useful in this condition. Medicines which act on the ‘Rakta’ and ‘Majja’ dhatus (tissues) are very useful in this condition. These include medicines like Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Patha ( Cissampelos pareira), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Kutaj (Holarrhina antidysentrica), Guduchi and Amalaki.
In addition, medicines like Abhrak-Bhasma, Suvarna-Bhasma, Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Suvarna Sutshekhar-Ras, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Samudrashosh (Argyreia speciosa), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Nagbala (Grewia hirsuta), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba) and Musli (Asparagus adscendens) are used to improve the immune status of the body.
Prolonged and repeated courses of Ayurvedic medicines are usually needed in order to get a good and long lasting response in this condition. All such patients should be under the regular care and supervision of a Hematologist.