According to research, published inCell Chemical Biology, zinc may be used to selectively target drugs to pancreatic beta cells, to stimulate regeneration and insulin production.Phys.org

Related Links:

Publication date: March 2019Source: LWT, Volume 101Author(s): Carolina Iraporda, Irene A. Rubel, Guillermo D. Manrique, Analía G. AbrahamAbstractThe effect of inulin extracted from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tubers on the growth and probiotic properties of different Lactobacillus strains was analyzed. It was demonstrated that L. paracasei BGP1 and L. plantarum CIDCA8327 strains were able to ferment inulin form Jerusalem artichoke tubers. The survival after simulated gastrointestinal conditions was improved in presence of inulin meanwhile the adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells capacity resulte…

Publication date: Available online 7 December 2018Source: Journal of Food EngineeringAuthor(s): Anh Thu Pham, Jean Moureh, Denis FlickAbstractAlong the cold chain, cheese product temperatures need to be maintained below 6 °C. However, cheese generates heat via the metabolism of the micro-organisms. Therefore, to ensure the uniformity of temperature within a pallet of cheese, it is important to take into account this amount of heat. This work aimed to study the influences of different parameters on the heat transfer for which forced convection around the pallet interacts with free/mixed convection inside it. An experi…

Publication date: March 2019Source: LWT, Volume 101Author(s): Subajiny Sivakanthan, Anura Prasantha Jayasooriya, Terrence MadhujithAbstractBlends of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil and sesame (Sesamum indicum) oil were enzymatically interesterified using aqueous lipase derived from Rhizomucor miehei and the reaction conditions, namely, temperature (45–65 °C), time (16–48 h) and mass ratio of oils (CO:SO; 70:30–50:50) were optimized using Response Surface Methodology (three-factor, three-level central composite design). Degree of interesterification (DI), and the ratio of monounsaturated and polyunsat…

Publication date: March 2019Source: LWT, Volume 101Author(s): Maria J. Moreira, Irene Oliveira, José A. Silva, Cristina SaraivaAbstractRoasted Pork Loin prepared with the cook-chill system under an aerobic and modified atmosphere packaging with 40%CO2/60%N2 and two different storage temperatures (3 °C and 8 °C) were assessed for microbial load and meat quality parameters. Sampling was performed for microbiological, physical-chemical and sensory analysis and was carried out at predetermined time intervals: 0, 3, 6, 9, 13, 17, 20 and 27 days. Lactic acid bacteria constituted part of the microbiota, reachin…

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Aderval S. Luna, Arnaldo P. da Silva, Camila S. da Silva, Igor C.A. Lima, Jefferson S. de GoisAbstractThis work presents the development of methods for the classification of clonal varieties of coffee using chemometrics coupled to Raman spectroscopy and direct sample analysis. Spectra were collected directly from each bean in triplicate, and the homogeneity of the sample’s surface was studied. The spectral range between 1200 and 1800 cm−1 is related to organic groups that are relevant for the disc…

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Scott Simonin, Hervé Alexandre, Maria Nikolantonaki, Christian Coelho, Raphaëlle Tourdot-Maréchal

The objective of the present study was to study, under field conditions, potential associations between gastrointestinal nematode parasitism and subclinical mastitis in ewes during the lactation period. Faecal and milk samples were collected from 240 ewes in 16 farms, for parasitological and bacteriological plus cytological examination, respectively. In the population sampled, prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infection was 63.0%; mean faecal count was 357.7 ± 32.4 eggs per gram (epg); Teladorsagia spp. larvae were identified more frequently in coprocultures (median proportion among farms: 53.0%)…

Publication date: Available online 7 December 2018Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Maoxuan Liu, Bart Landuyt, Hugo Klaassen, Peter Geldhof, Walter LuytenAbstractParasitic nematodes continue to cause significant economic losses in livestock globally. Given the limited number of anthelmintic drugs on the market and the currently increasing drug resistance, there is an urgent need for novel anthelmintics. Most motility assays of anthelmintic activity for parasitic nematodes are laborious and low throughput, and therefore not suitable for screening large compound libraries. Cooperia oncophora accounts for a large prop…

This study sought to investigate the vascular protective effects of the root bark extract of M. alba (MAE). Vascular reactivity was performed in organ baths using isolated rat thoracic aorta, while platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) induced proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were studied by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) and wound healing assay, respectively. MAE evoked a concentration dependent vasorelaxation following endothelium-dependent pathway. However, vessel relaxations in response to MAE were markedly reduced after …

This study aimed to compare the physical and mental states and the clinical effects of parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition (PN+EN), total enteral nutrition (TEN), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) after surgery in patients with maxillofacial malignant tumors. Methods. A total of 112 patients were divided into three groups, with 58, 33, and 21 patients in the PN+EN, TPN, and TEN groups, respectively. The psychological survey contained the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FRS-R), visual analog scale (VAS), numerical rating scale (NRS), Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HAMA), and short-form 36 health survey questio…



Source link

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here