(Natural News) Researchers from Aarhus University in Denmark have linked increased levels of nitrate found in drinking water to the risk of developing colon and rectal cancer. The results of the study, published in the International Journal of Cancer, also revealed that the risk factors for developing the conditions occur at concentrations far below the current drinking…

Source: NaturalNews.comCategory: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This study aimed to elucidate whether symptoms of low anterior resection syndrome change over time and if the correlation to quality of life is equivalent when measured at 2 time points.
DESIGN:
This prospective cohort study included measurements at 2 time points (5 years between; range, 7.1–16.1 years from surgery to second follow-up).
SETTINGS:
This multicenter study included patients from Sweden and Denmark.
PATIENTS:
Patients were included if they were ≥18 years of age and underwent curative rectal cancer surgery with either total or partial mesorectal excision.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Outcomes were…

BACKGROUND:
Disease-free survival estimated from the time of surgery does not account for the changing likelihood of survival based on time already accrued. Conditional disease-free survival is defined as the probability of remaining disease free after reaching a specific time point without recurrence.
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate conditional disease-free survival for patients with rectal cancer who were treated by proctectomy after neoadjuvant chemoradiation.
DESIGN:
Demographics, tumor characteristics, and tumor regression scores were assessed. Three-year conditional disease-free survival …

Conditions:   Colon Adenocarcinoma;   Rectal Adenocarcinoma;   Stage III Colon Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage III Rectal Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIA Colon Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIA Rectal Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIB Colon Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIB Rectal Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIC Colon Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIC Rectal Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IV C…

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

CONCLUSIONS: Colorectal cancer surgery using the Xi robotic system was associated with improved perioperative outcomes. These benefits may be attributed to its improved, more user-friendly design.
PMID: 30501567 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Surgical InnovationCategory: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Innov Source Type: research

CONCLUSION: The SCRCR can be considered a reliable registry useful for quality assurance and research. Standardization and improvements in journal documentation are needed to improve future evaluation of the source documents.
PMID: 30477372 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Acta OncologicaCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research

Publication date: December 2018Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 44, Issue 12Author(s): A.J. Breugom, E. Bastiaannet, J.W.T. Dekker, M.W.J.M. Wouters, C.J.H. van de Velde, G.J. LiefersAbstractBackgroundMonitoring time trends of cancer mortality is essential. Thirty-day mortality is an important surgical outcome measure, though postoperative mortality exceeds to one year after surgery in patients with colorectal cancer. The aim of this nationwide observational study was to assess changes over time in 30-day and one-year mortality in patients with stage I–III colorectal cancer.MethodsAll surgically …

ConclusionColorectal surgery may benefit from 3D printing in enhancing patient education before stoma construction, preoperative planning, and evaluation of response of liver metastasis to chemotherapy using 3D ultrasonography.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Source: Colorectal DiseaseCategory: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

ConclusionsObesity is positively associated with CC but not RC, and abdominal obesity exerts an independent effect. Reproductive factors had at best a weak effect on CC and RC.

Source: Cancer EpidemiologyCategory: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Authors: Kim MJ, Oh JH
Abstract
The lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) is still a subject of great debate as to the appropriate treatment for patients with mid to low advanced rectal cancer. The guidelines of the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum recommend a LLND for patients with T3/4 rectal cancer below the peritoneal reflection. However, in most Western countries, a routine LLND is not recommended unless a node or nodes are clinically suspicious for metastasis. Even after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), an 8% to 12% lateral pelvic recurrence was noted. The size of the lateral lymph node…

Source: Annals of ColoproctologyCategory: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research



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