Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone which is released in blood stream. This abnormally high level of thyroid hormone automatically speeds up body’s metabolism. Thyroid gland is a small, butterfly shaped organ around wind pipe.
There can be several causes but most often, causes in human are Graves’ disease, Toxic thyroid adenoma and Toxic multinodular goiter. The most common form of Hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease.
Iodine is a very important component of thyroid hormone. People with deficiency in Iodine may develop Hyperthyroidism.
• Thyroid hormone with four iodine units is known as T4.
• Thyroid hormone with three units is known as T3.
• Certain cells in the body convert T4 to T3.
As Thyroid gland stimulates body cells, it causes major body functions “go” a bit faster. Consequently, the heart beat, breathing rate, pulse rate, use of proteins, fats and carbohydrates get increased. Also mental alertness and thinking skills are sharpened.
Other symptoms that can occur are restlessness, nervousness, weight gain, hair loss, irregular or lack of menstrual periods in women, clammy skin, Diarrhea, hand tremor, high blood pressure, nausea, skin blushing, itching and sleeping difficulty.
Hyperthyroidism is commonly referred to as “overactive thyroid”. It is generally treatable and only rarely is life threatening. A medical branch called endocrinology is devoted to the study and treatment of hyperthyroidism.
Coming to its treatment and cure, fortunately, there are many home remedies that can help cure the condition. The most effective home remedy is Kelp sea weed which acts as an anti oxidant and contains high amount of iodine that is required to produce the hormone.
Vitamins also play a major role in treating in hyperthyroidism. Vitamin B 12 controls functioning of thyroid gland and Vitamin C acts as a powerful antioxidant, aid in restoring the condition of body systems.
As for its treatment at professional level, the three major cures are anti thyroid medication, radioactive iodine (which destroys the thyroid and stops the excess production of hormones) and surgery to remove the thyroid. Beta-blockers such as Propanolol are used to treat some of the symptoms. The goal of all these treatments is to bring the body into healthy or balanced condition.
Each year, millions of people are diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and most of them are girls or women. Male to female ratio is generally 1:5 to 1:10. As this disorder happens very rarely or very few people are aware of this disease, there are no screening procedures to detect an overactive thyroid gland in newborns. So, I will suggest here that you consult your doctor immediately if you are experiencing such symptoms. Be warned, delay can really be dangerous.