Hypothyroidism is an illness where the thyroid gland is not able to produce the required amount of thyroid hormone.
A major problem is a deficiency of iodine which contributes to the malfunction of the thyroid gland.
The latest estimate taken in 2012 showed that there were over 200 million people throughout the world who have this condition.
The split between men and women is approximately 90% women and 10% men.
The thyroid gland is in the shape of a butterfly and is found at the front of the neck.
The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls the energy usage in the body.
One can say that it manages your metabolism.
It is important that one should ensure they do not have a diet that is low in iodine as this can possibly cause damage to the gland.
Most people in the western world will normally have a good nutritious diet but in the third world there are many people who cannot afford such meals and they are the ones most likely to suffer.
The vast majority of third world countries have poor diets.
It is very unusual to find people outside the third world who have these dietary problems.
Having said that, more than 10 million Americans suffer from the thyroid gland not working properly.
It is not the lack of iodine that is the main problem for the United States but it is a problem that is to be found in the body's immune system. This is known as Hashimoto's disease.
This disease cause antibodies to make an attack on the thyroid gland, with the end result being that the gland becomes incapable of producing sufficient hormones.
A further cause is that surgery has removed come or possibly all of the gland's portions.
The more that is removed from the gland causes a small secretion of hormones. The reason that removal of parts of the gland is undertaken is for the treatment of cancer.
Unfortunately there are no common symptoms.
Hypothyroidism is very often not noticed until a person is over fifty.
One thing in the favor of a damaged gland is that it does not cause pain.
The body's metabolism may be unchecked and common indicators are tiredness and a gain in weight.
It is a known fact that anyone who has a gland function that is not working properly is liable to suffer from depression and tiredness
Hypothyroidism also can affect a person's physical appearance.
Brittle nails and a very dry skin often occur to a sufferer.
As the body can't produce the correct amount of energy, people will still put on a weight increase even when they are having a perfect nutrient diet.
Treatment is essential if the body is not to further decline and can result in a reduced sense of taste and smell.
After a while the problem can get worse in that a person can develop a sluggish speech.
The question that everyone wants to know is who is affected and how can they be treated. As mentioned earlier. the condition normally does not show until a person is past middle-age.
There are, however, cases of hypothyroidism occurring in children but fortunately these are isolated cases.
Females have the higher risk of this hormone deficiency. It is often the effect of pregnancy as the body's hormone levels are in a constant change.
Unfortunately in some cases the imbalance might not recover after the pregnancy. The good thing about hypothyroidism is that it can be easily detected and there after relatively easy to be treated.
At the first signs of the symptoms you should visit a doctor.
By having a blood test and a physical examination it can be found out if the level of the thyroid hormone is below that required.
If the level is low it is normal for thyroid hormone pills to be prescribed.
In the early stages it may appear harmless but hypothyroidism will affect your lifestyle for the worse so it is imperative that action is taken.
It goes without saying that prevention is always the finest treatment.
Remember it is important to eat the correct foods that have the right number of nutrients.
At no cost should any symptom be disregarded.
Always try and be healthy and live healthy.