Diabetes 1 & 2 In Kids: What’s The Difference?



World Diabetes Day is observed on Nov. 14 and this year, let’s commit to learning more about how type 1 & type 2 affects children.

Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is a metabolic condition that causes the problem of high blood sugar. The insulin hormone helps to move sugar from the blood into the cells. This sugar is stored or it can be used for energy. When a child has diabetes, the body can either fail to make adequate insulin, or it fails to effectively use the insulin that is produced. If left untreated, high blood sugar that is caused by diabetes can result in damaged nerves, kidneys, eyes, and other organs. Diabetes is one condition that has different types of diseases.

RELATED: What Parents Should Know About Diabetes In Children

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Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world. It affects almost 10 percent of the population, according to the World Health Organization. Many people are not even aware that they have the disease. The number of kids who have diabetes continues to rise as many struggles with weight issues. Obesity is a major risk factor for the disease.

There has been an increase in the number of kids who have type 2 diabetes. Children who are overweight and inactive, as well as those with a family history of diabetes, tend to develop the disease. A healthy lifestyle will help to keep your child safe.

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Different Types of Diabetes

There are different types of diabetes, the main ones being type 1 and type 2. Both types are often chronic as they affect the way the body regulates glucose or blood sugar. Insulin is vital for glucose to reach the body’s cell effectively. Children who have type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin.

Those with type 2 do not respond to the insulin as they should and eventually, the body stops producing enough insulin. Both types of diabetes often lead to high blood sugar levels that increase the risk of developing serious diabetes complications.

Symptoms of Diabetes

If not managed properly, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes often cause symptoms such as frequent urination, feeling extremely thirsty, and feeling very hungry. Other symptoms are feeling very tired, experiencing blurry vision, and having sores or cuts that do not heal properly.

People with diabetes may also experience mood swings, irritability, and weight loss. There are those who get tingling or numbness in the hands or feet. If your child exhibits any of the symptoms, you need to get immediate medical attention.

Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Types 1 and 2 diabetes may have similar symptoms but there are differences. The differences are significant but they are easy to miss. The two types of diabetes are different in how they develop, why they develop, and how they are treated or managed on a daily basis, according to Healthline.

Healthline goes on to explain that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks itself. In most cases, those who develop Type 1 diabetes are predisposed to develop the disease from birth. Type 1 is also called juvenile diabetes because it usually develops in childhood. However, it can develop in adults. It usually develops following an attack of an everyday virus such as strep throat or the flu.

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic condition and it usually develops over time as the body develops insulin resistance, Diabetes Strong reports. Often called adult-onset diabetes, it is now becoming common even among children. Those with type 2 diabetes do not show symptoms for years and some do not exhibit symptoms at all. Many people with type 2 diabetes only discover their condition when health complications arise. Bodyweight plays a huge role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is generally more common than type 1.

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Treating Diabetes

With proper treatment and management, it is possible to help kids with diabetes live a healthy life. Those with type 1 diabetes require insulin for survival. Those with type 2 diabetes have different treatment plans depending on their needs. The best treatment plan is one that helps to improve blood sugar levels.

Treatment includes using insulin, oral medications, and the use of non-insulin injections. Weight management, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and medication are very important for managing type 2 diabetes.

The number of people living with diabetes increases with age. On average, Black and Hispanic people have a higher rate of diabetes than Caucasians. If left untreated, high blood sugar levels can put the patient into a coma or the condition can even become fatal. It is very important to get a proper medical diagnosis to keep your child healthy. Monitoring and controlling blood sugar will help to avoid medical complications.

NEXT: Gluten During Toddler Years Linked To Increased Risk Of Developing Type 1 Diabetes

Sources: health.usnews.comdiabetesresearchconnection.orghealthline.com

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